It’s difficult to measure how many people in the rainbow community are affected by partner and sexual violence because, as with other survivors, it can be hard to ask for help or find someone safe to tell.
There are also issues specific to the rainbow community. Many rainbow people cannot report violence because of fear of being outed, and many are wary of reporting to the Police or anyone else in case we receive homophobic, biphobic or transphobic reactions. Rainbow communities, particularly trans, gender diverse and intersex people, get missed out of large-scale partner and sexual violence research.
New Zealand based research on sexual and partner violence in Rainbow communities is rare. One survey of lesbian and bisexual women in the 1990s recommends funding services for lesbian and bisexual women escaping partner violence. Research and focus groups with gay, bisexual and takataapui in 2006 suggests that sexual coercion between men takes place in situations with age, experience and power differences. In 2007, the Ministry of Social Development called a same-sex partner violence hui with community groups and partner violence specialists. The record of that hui is here.
There is no research about trans or intersex experiences of partner or sexual violence in New Zealand.